Puritans were English Protestants who were committed to “purifying” the Church of England by eliminating all aspects of Catholicism from religious practices. English Puritans founded the colony of Plymouth to practice their own brand of Protestantism without interference.
What religion did the Puritans become?
The Puritans were English Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to purify the Church of England of Roman Catholic practices, maintaining that the Church of England had not been fully reformed and should become more Protestant.
What are three basic Puritan beliefs?
Basic Tenets of Puritanism
- Judgmental God (rewards good/punishes evil)
- Predestination/Election (salvation or damnation was predetermined by God)
- Original Sin (humans are innately sinful, tainted by the sins of Adam & Eve; good can be accomplished only through hard work & self-discipline)
- God’s Grace.
What was the religion of the New England colonies?
The New England colonists—with the exception of Rhode Island—were predominantly Puritans, who, by and large, led strict religious lives. The clergy was highly educated and devoted to the study and teaching of both Scripture and the natural sciences.
Do Puritans believe in God?
Puritans believed that it was necessary to be in a covenant relationship with God in order to be redeemed from one’s sinful condition, that God had chosen to reveal salvation through preaching, and that the Holy Spirit was the energizing instrument of salvation.
Did Puritans drink alcohol?
Nor did Puritans abstain from alcohol; even though they objected to drunkenness, they did not believe alcohol was sinful in itself. They were not opposed to artistic beauty; although they were suspicious of the theater and the visual arts, the Puritans valued poetry.
Do Puritans still exist?
Most assuredly, Puritans do still exist. … There are 4 main descendants of the Puritans, listed from more theologically liberal to theologically conservative: Unitarian Universalist Church. United Church of Christ.
What are two major Puritan beliefs?
The Puritans believed that they had a covenant, or agreement, with God, who expected them to live according to the Scriptures, to reform the Anglican Church, and to set a good example that would cause those who had remained in England to change their sinful ways. However, there was dissent within the colonies.
What are 5 values of Puritanism?
These Puritan ideas might be summarized in five words: depravity, covenant, election, grace, and love.
Why did the Puritans fail?
In other words, New England Puritans failed either because they or their children were inconsistent or because enemies (particularly “that subtle serpent,” Satan) betrayed their cause.
What was the first religion in America?
Early Colonial era. Because the Spanish were the first Europeans to establish settlements on the mainland of North America, such as St. Augustine, Florida, in 1565, the earliest Christians in the territory which would eventually become the United States were Roman Catholics.
Does the British own America?
The United States declared its independence from Great Britain in 1776. The American Revolutionary War ended in 1783, with Great Britain recognizing U.S. independence. The two countries established diplomatic relations in 1785.
Which colonies had religious freedom?
In 1635 Roger Williams, a Puritan dissident, was banned from Massachusetts. Williams then moved south and founded Rhode Island. Rhode Island became the first colony with no established church and the first to grant religious freedom to everyone, including Quakers and Jews.
What are Puritans called today?
Presbyterianism remains alive and well in the U.S. The Congregationalists are also descendants of the Puritans, though in the 19th century, many Congregational Churches merged with other groups to form the United Church of Christ in the U.S. (Some did remain separate and are still influential in New England.)
What Bible did Puritans use?
“All the Puritans, including the first colonists of the United States, used it. One of the things they wanted to purify was the King James Version, so the Geneva Bible was their Bible of choice.” The Geneva Bible also was the Bible of William Shakespeare, John Milton and John Bunyan, author of “Pilgrim’s Progress.”
What did the Puritans fear?
The Puritans’ main fears and anxieties tended to revolve around Indian attacks, deadly illnesses, and failure.