As of 2019 about 69% of the population were members of the main national church, the Lutheran Church of Finland, with just over 1% belonging to the second national church, Finland’s Orthodox Church. There are also Catholic, Jewish and Islamic congregations as well as numerous smaller religious communities.
What is Finland’s official religion?
Finland is a predominantly Christian nation where 67.8% of the 5.5 million overall population are members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland (Protestant), 29.4% are unaffiliated, 1.1% are Orthodox Christians, 0.9% are other christians and 0.8% follow other religions like Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, …
Is there no religion in Finland?
One in four people in Finland do not belong to any religious community. The figure has risen in recent years. One in four Finnish people do not belong to any registered religious community, Statistics Finland reports. Thirty percent of men are unaffiliated with any religion, compared with 23 percent of women.
What religion did Finland have before Christianity?
Finnish paganism is the indigenous pagan religion in Finland and Karelia prior to Christianisation. It was a polytheistic religion, worshipping a number of different deities. The principal god was the god of thunder and the sky, Ukko; other important gods included Jumo (Jumala), Ahti, and Tapio.
When did Finland convert to Christianity?
Finland. Judging by archaeological finds, Christianity gained a foothold in Finland during the 11th century. The Catholic church was strengthened with growing Swedish influence in the 12th century and the Finnish “crusade” of Birger Jarl in the 13th century. Finland was part of Sweden since then until the 19th century.
Is Finland an atheist country?
These figures do not necessarily represent the number of people who are identify themselves as “atheists.” For example, in Estonia in 2004, 49% of people surveyed said they did not believe in God.
The 50 Countries with the Highest Percentage of Atheists.
|46 – 85%||28 – 60%|
|4,133,560 – 7,638,100||1,460,200 – 3,129,000|
What country does Finland belong to?
Finland (Finnish: Suomi) is a country in Northern Europe and is a member state of the European Union.
|Republic of Finland Suomen tasavalta (Finnish) Republiken Finland (Swedish)|
|• Autonomy within Russia||29 March 1809|
|• Independence from Russia||6 December 1917|
Why Finland has no religion?
Early 1900s, the labor movement was headed by a number of critics of religion. The workers’ movement in Finland adopted the Marxist atheism of the program to challenge the State Church. Finnish Social Democratic Party in the 1903 Forssa program stated: “Religion must be declared a private matter.
What percent of Finland is atheist?
A SURVEY by the Church Research Institute reveals that atheism is rapidly increasing in Finland. Only 27 per cent of Finns continue to believe in the God of Christianity, and the percentage of believers has fallen by 10 per cent in only four years.
Is Germany bigger than Finland?
Finland is approximately 338,145 sq km, while Germany is approximately 357,022 sq km, making Germany 6% larger than Finland.
What is a Finnish witch called?
Finnish noita ‘witch’ and Sámi noaidi). However, while tietäjä traditions clearly have important characteristics in common with shamanism, tietäjät were not believed to leave their bodies; their supernatural power arose rather from their command of memorised incantations and rituals.
Do Finnish people believe in Valhalla?
And thus the idea of the Viking Valhalla was born. The Finns, however, seem to have thought that the best fate after death was to be buried in the soil of your homeland, next to your beloved kin, near the community. People were buried with the things they were thought to find useful in the afterlife.
What is Finnish mythology called?
Most of the myths date from pre-Christian times and were passed from generation to generation by storytellers. A work called the Kalevala (pronounced kah-luh-VAH-luh), which the Finnish people consider their national epic, contains many of the legends.