What was the Religious Settlement? When Elizabeth had come to the throne in 1558 she sought a ‘middle way’ between Catholics and Protestants. … This meant that as long as the people recognised Elizabeth’s supremacy (authority) over the Church and at least followed the new prayer book they were safe.
What was meant by Elizabeths middle way?
These people were called recusants . The key to the ‘middle way’ was that the monarch was responsible for the faith of the state. For Elizabeth, the success of the ‘middle way’ would be a means to extend her control over the country.
How did Elizabeth find the middle way in religion?
Elizabeth may have wanted a Middle Way in religion, but people who did not follow it were punished. Some extreme Protestants (called Puritans) wanted to get rid of bishops and special robes for priests. Elizabeth put them in prison. At the same time, Catholics who did not go to church (recusants) were fined.
What are two features of Elizabeth’s religious settlement?
The religious settlement was established in 1559 and came in three parts: • The Act of Supremacy made Elizabeth supreme governor of the Church of England – all clergy and royal officials had to swear an oath of allegiance to her as the head of the Church.
What religion was Mary the first?
Mary I of England
|Father||Henry VIII of England|
|Mother||Catherine of Aragon|
What was the crucifix controversy?
In October 1559, she ordered that a crucifix and candlesticks be placed on the communion table in the Chapel Royal. Later, she decided that roods should be restored in parish churches. Elizabeth’s bishops protested both moves as revivals of idolatry, arguing that all images were forbidden by the Second Commandment.
What is the middle way in history?
Middle Way, Sanskrit Madhyama-pratipadā, Pāli Majjhima-patipadā, in Buddhism, complement of general and specific ethical practices and philosophical views that are said to facilitate enlightenment by avoiding the extremes of self-gratification on one hand and self-mortification on the other. See Eightfold Path.
Who should Elizabeth I marry?
Early in her reign, her choice was the ambitious and dashing Lord Robert Dudley. Robert Dudley was one of Elizabeth’s ‘favourites’, a long-term suitor and believed by many to have been her one true love.
What was the greatest problem facing Elizabeth in 1558?
Elizabeth’s greatest problem in 1558 was the threat of invasion.
Why was there opposition to the religious settlement?
The Catholic challenge to the Settlement was in part fuelled by the position of Mary, Queen of Scots. With a legitimate Catholic heir to the throne they had reason to believe that Catholicism would return and some were inclined to plot or continue Catholic ways based on this.
What is an extreme Catholic called?
|Seal of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei: “A cross embracing the world”|
|Formation||2 October 1928|
|Prelate||Fernando Ocáriz Braña|
|Main organ||General Council Central Advisory|
|Parent organization||Catholic Church|
How did the Privy Council help Elizabeth?
Role of the Privy Council
The Privy Council were a group of powerful noblemen appointed by Elizabeth. They advised Elizabeth but did not control her. Elizabeth chose a small group of 19 men to minimise conflict between them. The council met every day and was the most powerful part of the machinery of the government.
Why did Queen Elizabeth kill Mary?
Nineteen years later, in 1586, a major plot to murder Elizabeth was reported, and Mary was brought to trial. She was convicted for complicity and sentenced to death. On February 8, 1587, Mary Queen of Scots was beheaded for treason.
Who was the 1st king of England?
The table provides a chronological list of the sovereigns of Britain. Athelstan was king of Wessex and the first king of all England. James VI of Scotland became also James I of England in 1603. Upon accession to the English throne, he styled himself “King of Great Britain” and was so proclaimed.
Is Queen Elizabeth II a Tudor?
The House of Tudor survives through the female line, first with the House of Stuart, which occupied the English throne for most of the following century, and then the House of Hanover, via James’ granddaughter Sophia. Queen Elizabeth II is a direct descendant of Henry VII.