Santeria incorporates elements of several faiths and so is what’s called a ‘syncretic’ religion. It has grown beyond its Yoruba and Catholic origins to become a religion in its own right, and a powerful symbol of the religious creativity of Afro-Cuban culture.
Is Santeria a syncretic religion?
Santeria (Way of the Saints) is an Afro-Caribbean religion based on Yoruba beliefs and traditions, with some Roman Catholic elements added. The religion is also known as La Regla Lucumi and the Rule of Osha. Santeria is a syncretic religion that grew out of the slave trade in Cuba.
What are the beliefs of Santeria?
The Santeria faith teaches that every individual has a destiny from God, a destiny fulfilled with the aid and energy of the orishas. The basis of the Santeria religion is the nurture of a personal relation with the orishas, and one of the principal forms of devotion is an animal sacrifice.
What is an example of syncretic religion in Latin America?
While multiple syncretic religions developed in the Caribbean, the most prevalent were Haitian Vodou and Cuban Santeria. [An iconic protrayal of religious syncretism in Latin America is a person walking out of church on Sunday mass, and then going under the bridge to witness and partake in some vodou under the bridge.
What is the purpose of Santeria?
Santería is based upon the development of personal relationships through divination, sacrifice, initiation, and mediumship (see medium) between practitioners of the religion and the orisha deities, who provide their devotees with protection, wisdom, and success and who guide devotees in times of crisis.
Does Santeria believe in God?
Santería followers believe that one God created the universe and that the world is cared for by lesser divine beings known as orishas. Similar to ancient Greek gods, the orishas represent various forces of nature along with certain human characteristics—for example, Yemayá is the orisha of the sea and motherhood.
What are the 7 Orishas?
The traits of the orisha are documented through oral tradition.
- Ayangalu (The patron deity of drummers)
- Ayra (Ara in the Yoruba language)
- Babalu Aye (Obaluaye in the Yoruba language)
- Egungun (The patron deity of the sainted dead)
Is Santeria practiced today?
Practitioners of Santería are primarily found in Cuba’s Havana and Matanzas provinces, although communities exist across the island and abroad, especially among the Cuban diasporas of Mexico and the United States.
What animals do Santeria sacrifice?
Sacrificial animals include chickens (the most common), pigeons, doves, ducks, guinea pigs, goats, sheep, and turtles.
Is Santeria illegal?
The local laws prohibited Santeria sacrifices; however, the laws contained exceptions for animal killings under comparable circumstances and for other religion-related purposes, including kosher slaughter.
What is the main religion in Latin America and why?
The majority of Latin Americans are Christians (90%), mostly Roman Catholics. Membership in Protestant denominations is increasing, particularly in Brazil, Guatemala, El Salvador, Puerto Rico and other countries.
Who brought Christianity to Mexico?
The history of the Catholic Church in Mexico dates from the period of the Spanish conquest (1519–21) and has continued as an institution in Mexico into the twenty-first century. Catholicism is one of the two major legacies from the Spanish colonial era, the other being Spanish as the nation’s language.
What religions are practiced in Mexico?
Religion in Mexico
- Roman Catholic (82.7%)
- Protestant (6.6%)
- Jehovah’s Witness (1.4%)
- Other (1.9%)
- Unaffiliated (4.7%)
- Unspecified (2.7%)
What does Santeria mean in English?
Santería in American English
(ˌsɑːntəˈriə) (sometimes lc) a religion merging the worship of Yoruba deities with veneration of Roman Catholic saints: practiced in Cuba and spread to other parts of the Caribbean and to the U.S. by Cuban emigrés.
Is Santeria a Catholic?
Santeria combines elements of Catholicism with the Yoruba religion and many Cubans identify with both traditions and their ceremonies. … “Although the Santeria religion uses Christian symbols, they’re empty of Christian content.”
Who is the strongest Orisha?
Ṣàngó is viewed as the most powerful and feared of the orisha pantheon. He casts a “thunderstone” to earth, which creates thunder and lightning, to anyone who offends him.