What was the religious settlement of 1559?

The Act of Uniformity of 1559 set out the groundwork for the Elizabethan church. It restored the 1552 version of the English Prayer Book but kept many of the familiar old practices and allowed for two interpretations of communion, one Catholic and one Protestant.

What were the key parts of Elizabeth’s religious settlement?

The religious settlement was established in 1559 and came in three parts: • The Act of Supremacy made Elizabeth supreme governor of the Church of England – all clergy and royal officials had to swear an oath of allegiance to her as the head of the Church.

What was the new expectation of the church from 1559?

The Act of Uniformity (1559) just about passed the Lords. It was Elizabeth’s attempt to ensure as many believers as was possible could find salvation.

Why was Elizabeth’s religious settlement a successful compromise?

-Firstly Elizabeth had given herself the title of Supreme Governor instead of the Head of the Church and most Catholics could see that the Pope was clearly the head of the church and so was accepted by most. -Secondly Elizabeth kept the bishops and archbishops and the clergy continued to wear ornate vestments.

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What did the Act of Uniformity 1559 do?

The Act of Uniformity 1558 (1 Eliz 1 c 2) was an Act of the Parliament of England passed in 1559. It set the order of prayer to be used in the English Book of Common Prayer. All persons had to go to church once a week or be fined 12 pence (equivalent to just over £11 in 2007), a considerable sum for the poor.

Who opposed the Elizabethan religious settlement?

Elizabeth’s tolerant approach seemed to have worked on the whole, but it did not keep everyone happy and she faced numerous threats. Opposition came not only from Catholics, but also from more extreme Protestants, known as Puritans , who objected to any compromise with Catholic ideas.

What happened in the religious settlement?

It was designed to settle the divide between Catholics and Protestants and address the differences in services and beliefs. The settlement itself was written out in two Acts of Parliament, the Act of Supremacy and the Act of Uniformity 1559. Under her reign, Mary I had reintroduced Catholicism in England.

How did the Catholics react to the religious settlement?

The Catholic challenge to the Settlement was in part fuelled by the position of Mary, Queen of Scots. With a legitimate Catholic heir to the throne they had reason to believe that Catholicism would return and some were inclined to plot or continue Catholic ways based on this.

What did the Pope issue against Elizabeth I in 1570?

In 1570 Pope Pius V issued the bull Regnans in Excelsis, which excommunicated Queen Elizabeth I, deprived her of her right to rule, and released her subjects from obedience to her.

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How did the Puritans challenge the religious settlement?

Puritans wanted all aspects of Roman Catholicism removed from the English Church. One of the major conflicts with Puritans came in the form of the Vestment Controversy during the 1560s. Vestments are the clothing that Priests wear in the Protestant and Catholic Churches when celebrating the church service.

What was the crucifix controversy?

In October 1559, she ordered that a crucifix and candlesticks be placed on the communion table in the Chapel Royal. Later, she decided that roods should be restored in parish churches. Elizabeth’s bishops protested both moves as revivals of idolatry, arguing that all images were forbidden by the Second Commandment.

What was the importance of religion to the Elizabethans?

The two major religions in Elizabethan England were the Catholic and Protestant religions. The convictions and beliefs in these different religions were so strong that they led to the executions of many adherents to both of these Elizabethan religions.

Why did Henry want to close the monasteries?

The Act of Supremacy in 1534 confirmed the break from Rome, declaring Henry to be the Supreme Head of the Church of England. The monasteries were a reminder of the power of the Catholic Church. … By destroying the monastic system Henry could acquire all its wealth and property whilst removing its Papist influence.

What religion was Mary the first?

Mary I of England

Mary I
Father Henry VIII of England
Mother Catherine of Aragon
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature

What is the significance of Elizabeth passing the act of unification?

promulgated in her first year—the Act of Supremacy, stating that the queen was “supreme governor” of the Church of England, and the Act of Uniformity, ensuring that English worship should follow The Book of Common Prayer—defined the nature of the English religious establishment.

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