What is the rear of a church called?

In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building. It may terminate in an apse.

What are parts of a church called?

The nave is the main part of the church where the congregation (the people who come to worship) sit. The aisles are the sides of the church which may run along the side of the nave. The transept, if there is one, is an area which crosses the nave near the top of the church. … People in the church sit facing the altar.

What are the three parts of the church?

Churches Militant, Penitent, and Triumphant.

What is a church nave?

Nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar). …

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What is the difference between nave and apse?

As nouns the difference between nave and apse

is that nave is (human) hand while apse is (architecture) a semicircular projection from a building, especially the rounded east end of a church that contains the altar.

What are the four parts of the church?

The Four Marks of the Church, also known as the Attributes of the Church, is a term describing four distinctive adjectives—”One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic”—of traditional Christian ecclesiology as expressed in the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed completed at the First Council of Constantinople in AD 381: “[We …

What are the main features of a church?

Features of churches

  • the altar – a table where the bread and wine are blessed during the Eucharist.
  • the lectern – a stand where the Bible is read from.
  • the pulpit – where the priest delivers sermons.
  • a crucifix – a cross with Jesus on.

What are the 3 pillars of the Catholic Church?

Originally, the Three Pillars name stood for Father, Son, and Holy Spirit — the three main entities of our faith.

What is the back of the Catholic Church called?

In most older churches, a sacristy is near a side altar, or more usually behind or on a side of the main altar. In newer churches the sacristy is often in another location, such as near the entrances to the church. Some churches have more than one sacristy, each of which will have a specific function.

What is the balcony in a church called?

A choir, also sometimes called quire, is the area of a church or cathedral that provides seating for the clergy and church choir. It is in the western part of the chancel, between the nave and the sanctuary, which houses the altar and Church tabernacle.

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What is the main body of a church called?

The nave (/neɪv/) is the central part of a church, stretching from the (normally western) main entrance or rear wall, to the transepts, or in a church without transepts, to the chancel.

What is the seating area in a church called?

2 Nave. The nave is the area of the church where parishioners, or members of the church, sit or stand. In Catholic and Protestant churches, this area is comprised of pews. In modern churches, it is not uncommon to see rows of chairs or even tables with chairs in this area.

What are the wings of a church called?

Transept: Sometimes called the ‘Crossing’, the transept forms wings at right angles to the nave.

What does nave mean in English?

: the main part of the interior of a church especially : the long narrow central hall in a cruciform church that rises higher than the aisles flanking it to form a clerestory.

What part of the church is the chancel?

Chancel, portion of a church that contains the choir, often at the eastern end. Before modern changes in church practice, only clergy and choir members were permitted in the chancel.

Where was the altar usually located in Gothic churches?

In later Gothic churches, we sometimes see yet another level below the clerestory, called the triforium. The nave was used for the procession of the clergy to the altar. The main altar was basically in the position of the apse in the ancient Roman basilica, although in some designs it is further forward.

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