The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. In this way, they are similar to Protestants, who also reject any notion of papal primacy.
Why did the Orthodox Church split from the Catholic Church?
The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.
What were the main differences and similarities between Orthodox and Catholic Christianity?
Both believe in the recorded text of the Bible as being authoritative and from God. The Roman Catholic Church accepts books that the Greek Orthodox regard as secondary sources of truth.
What makes the Orthodox church different?
The Orthodox Church differs substantially from the other Churches in the way of life and worship, and in certain aspects of theology. The Holy Spirit is seen as present in and as the guide to the Church working through the whole body of the Church, as well as through priests and bishops.
Why are Catholic and Orthodox Easter different?
The Orthodox and Catholic Easter are usually set on different dates. Orthodox Churches still use the Julian calendar for Easter, meaning at some times that there can be a weeks-long lag behind the Gregorian. …
Is Orthodox Christianity older than Catholic?
Therefore the Catholic Church is the oldest of all. … The Orthodox represents the original Christian Church because they trace their bishops back to the five early patriarchates of Rome, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Constantinople and Antioch.
Can a Catholic go to an Orthodox church?
Both Catholics and Protestants are welcome to attend the Orthodox Mass but they CANNOT take Holy Communion, the Orthodox Priest is not allowed to give it to them.
Can Orthodox and Catholic marry?
Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. … Catholic canon law allows marriage between a Catholic and an Orthodox only if permission is obtained from the Catholic bishop.
Which came first Catholic or Orthodox?
The two were once one so originally there was no separation, and originally it was just the “Christian Church.” The Orthodox church is considered the original church now because they follow more of the old traditions than Roman Catholics do; more changes happened in the Catholic church after the east west schism than …
What is the difference between Christianity and Orthodox?
Orthodox: Conforming to approved doctrine. Christian: Follower Of Christ. … Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus.
Does the Orthodox Church pray to Mary?
According to practitioners, devotion to the Virgin Mary does not amount to worship, which is reserved for God. Both the Catholic and Orthodox traditions view Mary as subordinate to Christ, but uniquely so, in that she is seen as above all other creatures.
What Bible does the Orthodox Church use?
The Orthodox Study Bible uses the New King James Version of the Bible as the basis for a fresh translation of the Septuagint text. The Septuagint is the Greek version of the Bible used by Christ, the Apostles, and the early church.
Can Orthodox priests marry?
The Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox Churches, as well as many of the Eastern Catholic Churches, permit married men to be ordained. Traditionally however, they do not permit clergy to marry after ordination. From ancient times they have had both married and celibate clergy (see Monasticism).
Why are there 2 different Easters?
Orthodox Christians in Europe, Africa and the Middle East celebrate Easter later than most in the western world. … It’s because they use a different calendar to work out what day Easter should fall on.
Why is Pascha later than Easter?
In order to ensure that there was no confusion as to when the vernal equinox occurred the date of the vernal equinox was set to be March 21 (April 3 on the Julian Calendar). This formula was universally accepted by all of Christianity, ensuring that Pascha was celebrated on the same day throughout the world.
Why is Easter called Pascha?
In Latin and Greek, the Christian celebration was, and still is, called Pascha (Greek: Πάσχα), a word derived from Aramaic פסחא (Paskha), cognate to Hebrew פֶּסַח (Pesach). The word originally denoted the Jewish festival known in English as Passover, commemorating the Jewish Exodus from slavery in Egypt.