Strictly speaking, the most important difference is the way the building is used. While a church is a building for public worship (most commonly of the Christian faith), to which people will travel and worship. … Even though a church refers expressly to a specific building, that isn’t always the case with a monastery.
What makes a building a church?
A common architecture for churches is the shape of a cross (a long central rectangle, with side rectangles, and a rectangle in front for the altar space or sanctuary). These churches also often have a dome or other large vaulted space in the interior to represent or draw attention to the heavens.
Why are church buildings different?
Church buildings come in many different shapes and sizes. They can be traditional or modern. Differences in architecture , layout and style are important because they say something about the beliefs of the people who worship there. ‘Cruciform’ means cross-shaped.
What is the meaning of the church and how does it differ from church?
A church is any place of worship that has a permanent congregation and is run by a pastor or priest. … Unlike a church, a chapel is a place of worship that has no pastor or priest and no permanent congregation; it’s all about the physical space.
What are the different parts of a church called?
The names for the parts of the church are in red after each number.
- Façade towers.
What are the 3 types of churches?
Churches Militant, Penitent, and Triumphant – Wikipedia.
What are the main features of a church?
Features of churches
- the altar – a table where the bread and wine are blessed during the Eucharist.
- the lectern – a stand where the Bible is read from.
- the pulpit – where the priest delivers sermons.
- a crucifix – a cross with Jesus on.
What is the true meaning of church?
In our modern English Bibles, the word “church” is supposedly translated from the Greek word “ekklesia” which simply means: people assembled. … Secondly, in Christian use, the word means “the Lord’s Assembly” or, all those who have been called out by God and joined together (assembled) in His family; the body of Christ.
Why are churches built in the shape of a cross?
Shape: they are most often built in a cruciform shape (cross shaped) Probably a fairly obvious reasoning behind this feature – the cross of course represents the cross in Christian teachings on which Jesus died for our sins.
Which is the oldest church in the world?
According to the Catholic Encyclopedia the Cenacle (the site of the Last Supper) in Jerusalem was the “first Christian church.” The Dura-Europos church in Syria is the oldest surviving church building in the world, while the archaeological remains of both the Aqaba Church and the Megiddo church have been considered to …
What are the three meanings of church?
Three meanings of the word church are, local community or diocese, community of God’s people gathered around the world, and community of the church.
Why is church called Church?
The English language word “church” is from the Old English word cirice, derived from West Germanic *kirika, which in turn comes from the Greek κυριακή kuriakē, meaning “of the Lord” (possessive form of κύριος kurios “ruler” or “lord”).
What are the four marks of the true church?
The words one, holy, catholic and apostolic are often called the four marks of the Church.
What is the balcony in a church called?
Many modern churches have singers situated in a “choir loft,” or on a balcony.
What is the back of a church called?
The narthex is an architectural element typical of early Christian and Byzantine basilicas and churches consisting of the entrance or lobby area, located at the west end of the nave, opposite the church’s main altar.
What are the wings of a church called?
Transept: Sometimes called the ‘Crossing’, the transept forms wings at right angles to the nave.