Frequent question: What is a church organ called?

Other names Organ, Church organ (used only for Pipe organs in houses of worship)
Classification Keyboard instrument (Aerophone)
Developed 3rd century BC
Playing range

What is an organ in a church?

The pipe organ is the largest musical instrument. These instruments vary greatly in size, ranging from a cubic meter to a height reaching five floors, and are built in churches, synagogues, concert halls, and homes.

Do Catholic churches have organs?

Although the organ has never been prescribed for use in the Roman Catholic Church by canon law, it has apparently been used in the Church consistently since the 9th century.

Why are pipe organs used in churches?

In the early Christian churches no organs were used. Christians considered all instruments to be of a secular nature. … Around the 15th century organs were used in many monastic churches and cathedrals in Europe. Those organs didn’t have stops and could only make one sound.

How big is a church organ?

At four manuals and 125 ranks, the organ contains 6,938 pipes, which are constructed of wood and metal. The largest pipes are made of wood and are about two feet square and 32 feet tall. The smallest pipes are the size of a slender drinking straw.

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What is the largest organ in the world?

The console of the 1932 Midmer-Losh organ at Boardwalk Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey, the largest organ in the world.

The Largest Organs in the World.

No 1
City Atlantic City, NJ
Place Boardwalk Hall
Manuals 7
Stops 381

How much does a church organ cost?

The cost of a pipe organ can be as low as $30,000.00 for a used instrument relocated to a new home, to millions of dollars for a new instrument built for a major church or concert hall. The range of cost for a pipe organ for a small to medium sized church is in the area of $200,000.00 – 850,000.00.

When was the first organ used in church?


The organ began making its way into churches around 900 CE. Exactly how and why remains an enigma, but it appears that the organ was first used for ceremonial purposes. By the 1400s, the use of organs was well established in monastic churches and cathedrals throughout Europe.

Why is the instrument called an organ?

The word organ is derived from the Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon), a generic term for an instrument or a tool, via the Latin organum, an instrument similar to a portative organ used in ancient Roman circus games. The Greek engineer Ctesibius of Alexandria is credited with inventing the organ in the 3rd century BC.

Why was the pipe organ invented?

According to one theory, the water organ mechanism was not originally developed with the intention of creating a musical instrument, but instead was invented as a device to emit a flow of air at a constant pressure.

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How does a church organ work?

A pipe organ feeds wind into pipes, causing the air to oscillate and produce a sound. The pipes stand in line above the box referred to as the wind-chest, with wind fed from below into the pipes the organist wishes to use to produce sound.

What is the oldest instrument?

The Neanderthal flute from Divje babe is the oldest known musical instrument in the world and to this day the best evidence for the existence of music in Neanderthals. Indeed, other known Palaeolithic flutes were made by anatomically modern humans.

What are organ ranks?

A rank is a row of pipes all of which make the same sound, but at different pitches. For example, all the pipes for a Spire Flute (one kind of flute sound) will be in the same row. Organs are often described by the number of ranks they have.

What is the most expensive pipe organ?

The 7,000-pipe organ in Lausanne Cathedral is one of the most expensive instruments in the world, but experiencing its sheer power and unique harmonics is priceless.

What are the 12 organs of the body?

Scientific view

  • The brain. The brain is the control centre of the nervous system and is located within the skull. …
  • The lungs. The lungs are two sponge-like, cone-shaped structures that fill most of the chest cavity. …
  • The liver. …
  • The bladder. …
  • The kidneys. …
  • The heart. …
  • The stomach. …
  • The intestines.


What is the best organ in the world?

The world’s most spectacular organs

  • The Silvery Sound of Silbermann. …
  • The U.K.’s oldest organ. …
  • The world’s oldest playable pipe organ. …
  • The newly-restored Royal Festival Hall organ. …
  • Disney’s French fries. …
  • An Italian masterpiece. …
  • Birmingham’s record breaker. …
  • The German ‘bird cry’ organ.
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