Catholicism maintains that the pope is infallible, incapable of error, when he teaches a doctrine on faith or morals to the universal Church in his unique office as supreme head. When the pope asserts his official authority in matters of faith and morals to the whole church, the Holy Spirit guards him from error.
Is the pope supposed to be infallible?
The encyclical of Humani generis of Pope Pius XII states that (unless explicitly stated) papal encyclicals are not infallible documents but are teachings that Catholic theologians must follow: “Nor must it be thought that what is expounded in Encyclical Letters does not of itself demand consent, since in writing such …
Do the Catholics believe the Pope is infallible?
In 1854, Pius IX decreed the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception to be infallible in his bull, Ineffabilis Deus. The First Vatican Council in 1869-70, in its Pastor Aeternus decree, declared that the pope was infallible when he spoke “ex Cathedra” – or from the papal throne – on matters of faith and morals.
Is the pope infallible in matters of faith and morals?
The doctrine of papal infallibility means that the Pope cannot err or teach error when he speaks on matters of faith and morals ex cathedra, or “from the chair” of the Apostle St. Peter—that is, in his role as supreme teacher of the church.
Is the Catholic Church infallible?
Catholic Church. Catholicism teaches that Jesus Christ, “the Word made Flesh” (John 1:14), is the source of divine revelation and, as the Truth, he is infallible. … Catholic theology divides the functions of the teaching office into two categories: the infallible sacred magisterium and the fallible ordinary magisterium.
Does the Pope talk to God?
The very basic answer: The Pope speaks to God verbally every single day. We call it praying. … If the Pope is going to teach, definitively, on faith and morals, specifically exercising his authority, whatever he says, goes.
Which Catholic group does not recognize the Pope?
Sedevacantism is the position held by some people who identify as Catholic that the present occupier of the Holy See is not the pope due to the mainstream church’s espousal of what they see as heresies of modernism and that, for lack of a valid pope, the See has been vacant since the death of Pope Pius XII in 1958, the …
Is the Pope equal to God?
Papal supremacy is the doctrine of the Catholic Church that the Pope, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ, the visible source and foundation of the unity both of the bishops and of the whole company of the faithful, and as pastor of the entire Catholic Church, has full, supreme, and universal power over the …
Is the Pope the closest to God?
Is the Pope really the closest human to God if he is elected? No. The Pope is the bishop of Rome. He’s primus inter pares, first among equals.
Who is the first pope in the Bible?
Peter was one of the 12 Apostles of Jesus. Roman Catholic tradition holds that Jesus established St. Peter as the first pope (Matthew 16:18). Jesus also gave him “the keys of the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 16:19), which is why he is often depicted at the gates of heaven in art and popular culture.
What powers does the Pope have?
The pope, when he is elected, is answerable to no human power. He has absolute authority over the entire Roman Catholic Church, direct authority that reaches down to individual members. All of the governing officers in the Vatican itself, what we call the Vatican Curia, operate on delegated authority from the pope.
Is the pope a virgin?
Is the Pope supposed to be virgin? No. … The Pope must be a priest, and a priest should be committed to living chastity, but whether or not that priest was a virgin before ordination, or before being elected Pope, is beside the point.
Has the Catholic Church ever changed dogma?
History shows that the Catholic Church has changed its moral teachings over the years on a number of issues (without admitting its previous position had been wrong). A very sorry page in Catholic history, for example, is the fact that for over 1,800 years the popes and the church did not condemn slavery.
What are the four dogmas of the Catholic Church?
The four dogmas of Mother of God, Immaculate Conception, perpetual virginity, and Assumption form the basis of Mariology.
What does infallible mean in the Catholic Church?
Papal infallibility, in Roman Catholic theology, the doctrine that the pope, acting as supreme teacher and under certain conditions, cannot err when he teaches in matters of faith or morals.