In my opinion Frederick protected Luther was because he believed that the Holy Roman Empire had too much power and with the work Luther was doing. Frederick would have benefited a lot from the Protestant Reformation because he stood to gain more power with the breaking down of the Catholic church.
How did Frederick the Wise help Martin Luther?
In 1502 he founded the University of Wittenberg where Martin Luther taught. … At a crucial period for the early Reformation, Frederick protected Luther from the Pope and the emperor, and took him into custody at the Wartburg castle after the Diet of Worms (1521), which put Luther under the imperial ban.
When did Frederick the Wise protect Luther?
Frederick III, byname Frederick the Wise, German Friedrich der Weise, (born Jan. 17, 1463, Torgau, Saxony—died May 5, 1525, Lochau, near Torgau), elector of Saxony who worked for constitutional reform of the Holy Roman Empire and protected Martin Luther after Luther was placed under the imperial ban in 1521.
Who refused to surrender Luther Rome?
In June 1520 Pope Leo X condemned 41 of Luther’s Ninety-five Theses, but he also gave Luther time to recant. In response, Luther publicly burned the papal bull and refused to renounce his propositions. He was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church on January 3, 1521.
Who helped Martin Luther spread his ideas?
Luther also sent a copy to Archbishop Albert Albrecht of Mainz, calling on him to end the sale of indulgences. Aided by the printing press, copies of the 95 Theses spread throughout Germany within two weeks and throughout Europe within two months.
Why did Luther debate Eck?
Eck’s debating skills led to Luther’s open admissions of heresy to avoid being defeated. Luther declared that sola scriptura (scripture alone) was the basis of Christian belief and that the Pope had no power as he was not mentioned in the Bible.
Who were the original Protestants?
Martin Luther was a German monk, theologian, university professor, priest, father of Protestantism, and church reformer whose ideas started the Protestant Reformation.
What happened to Martin Luther after the Diet of Worms?
In 1521, the pope excommunicated him, and he was called to appear before the emperor at the Diet of Worms to defend his beliefs. Refusing to recant or rescind his positions, Luther was declared an outlaw and a heretic.
Who was Charles the Fifth?
Charles V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria from 1519 to 1556, King of Spain (Castile and Aragon) from 1516 to 1556, and Lord of the Netherlands as titular Duke of Burgundy from 1506 to 1555.
Why did Lutheranism spread so quickly?
3rd Paragraph: Lutheranism spread so quickly due to the political, economic, and social conditions that affected Europe at the time. … The princes converted to Lutheranism for various reasons, including economic reasons, such as princes not having to pay a Catholic tax and keeping more money in their territory.
Is Luther still excommunicated?
Luther died in 1546 with Pope Leo X’s excommunication still in effect.
Why did Martin Luther disagree with indulgences?
Martin Luther disagreed with the Roman Catholic Church’s sale of indulgences to finance the construction of St. Peter’s Basilica. … Luther believed indulgences to be unbiblical because, he claimed, salvation came by grace through faith (Hebrews 10:38), not by a papal proclamation or indulgence.
Was Martin Luther a heretic?
Declared a heretic by the church, the Holy Roman Empire now tried Luther as an outlaw. At the Imperial Diet of Worms, convened in April 1521, Luther held fast to his views. … Now an enemy of both church and state, Luther could be apprehended or even killed on sight.
How did Martin Luther changed the world?
Martin Luther is one of the most influential figures in Western history. His writings were responsible for fractionalizing the Catholic Church and sparking the Protestant Reformation. … Although Luther was critical of the Catholic Church, he distanced himself from the radical successors who took up his mantle.
Why did Martin Luther change the Bible?
While he was sequestered in the Wartburg Castle (1521–22) Luther began to translate the New Testament from Greek into German in order to make it more accessible to all the people of the “Holy Roman Empire of the German nation.” He translated from the Greek text, using Erasmus’ second edition (1519) of the Greek New …
What did Martin Luther accomplish?
Martin Luther, a 16th-century monk and theologian, was one of the most significant figures in Christian history. His beliefs helped birth the Reformation—which would give rise to Protestantism as the third major force within Christendom, alongside Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.