At a crucial period for the early Reformation, Frederick protected Luther from the Pope and the emperor, and took him into custody at the Wartburg castle after the Diet of Worms (1521), which put Luther under the imperial ban.
What happened to Luther after the Diet of Worms?
In 1521, the pope excommunicated him, and he was called to appear before the emperor at the Diet of Worms to defend his beliefs. Refusing to recant or rescind his positions, Luther was declared an outlaw and a heretic.
Why did Frederick protect Luther?
In my opinion Frederick protected Luther was because he believed that the Holy Roman Empire had too much power and with the work Luther was doing. Frederick would have benefited a lot from the Protestant Reformation because he stood to gain more power with the breaking down of the Catholic church.
Where was Luther taken for protection after the Diet of Worms and what did he do there?
Meanwhile, on his journey back to Wittenberg, Luther was “kidnapped” by soldiers of Frederick and taken secretly to Wartburg Castle, near the town of Eisenach, where he remained in hiding for the better part of a year.
Which elector supported Martin Luther in his movement?
Frederick III (17 January 1463 – 5 May 1525), also known as Frederick the Wise (German Friedrich der Weise), was Elector of Saxony from 1486 to 1525, who is mostly remembered for the worldly protection of his subject Martin Luther.
How did Martin Luther respond to the Diet of Worms?
In response, Luther publicly burned the papal bull and refused to renounce his propositions.
What was the Diet of Worms quizlet?
An imperial diet, a council of bishops, Charles V wanted to hear what Luther had to say and to give him a chance to retract what he said in the pamphlets but Luther would only recant if he was proven wrong by the bible. You just studied 5 terms!
Why did Luther debate Eck?
Eck’s debating skills led to Luther’s open admissions of heresy to avoid being defeated. Luther declared that sola scriptura (scripture alone) was the basis of Christian belief and that the Pope had no power as he was not mentioned in the Bible.
Why did Lutheranism spread so quickly?
3rd Paragraph: Lutheranism spread so quickly due to the political, economic, and social conditions that affected Europe at the time. … The princes converted to Lutheranism for various reasons, including economic reasons, such as princes not having to pay a Catholic tax and keeping more money in their territory.
Who were the original Protestants?
Martin Luther was a German monk, theologian, university professor, priest, father of Protestantism, and church reformer whose ideas started the Protestant Reformation.
What happened at the Diet of Worms quizlet?
What happened at the Diet of Worms? At the Diet of Worms Martin Luther was asked to deny his teachings as being heretical. He said that in good conscience he could not do so. … In 1517, Martin Luther wrote a German bishop protesting in particular the selling of indulgences then occurring in Germany.
Why is Martin Luther a heretic?
In January 1521, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther. Three months later, Luther was called to defend his beliefs before Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms, where he was famously defiant. For his refusal to recant his writings, the emperor declared him an outlaw and a heretic.
Why did Martin Luther get summoned before the emperor?
Emperor Charles V summoned Luther to appear before the Diet of Worms in 1521 and demanded that he recant his writings. Luther refused because his views could not be disproved by the Scriptures The imperial ban issued by the Emperor proved ineffective. Frederick of Saxony, Luther’s prince-elector, gave him protection.
How did Martin Luther changed the world?
Martin Luther is one of the most influential figures in Western history. His writings were responsible for fractionalizing the Catholic Church and sparking the Protestant Reformation. … Although Luther was critical of the Catholic Church, he distanced himself from the radical successors who took up his mantle.
Why did Martin Luther change the Bible?
While he was sequestered in the Wartburg Castle (1521–22) Luther began to translate the New Testament from Greek into German in order to make it more accessible to all the people of the “Holy Roman Empire of the German nation.” He translated from the Greek text, using Erasmus’ second edition (1519) of the Greek New …
What did Martin Luther accomplish?
Martin Luther, a 16th-century monk and theologian, was one of the most significant figures in Christian history. His beliefs helped birth the Reformation—which would give rise to Protestantism as the third major force within Christendom, alongside Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.