What is Chorale of the Baroque period?
In music, a chorale prelude or chorale setting is a short liturgical composition for organ using a chorale tune as its basis. It was a predominant style of the German Baroque era and reached its culmination in the works of J.S.
What represents the highest form of Baroque polyphonic music?
The fugue represents the highest form of Baroque homophonic music.
Which of the following describes a chorale?
A chorale is a hymn tune associated with the followers of Martin Luther. Chorales were intended to be sung by a trained choir. … In Wachet auf, Bach presents the chorale melody in only one movement.
What is a chorale quizlet?
chorale. the German word for the hymn of the Lutheran church; hence a simple religious melody to be sung by the congregation.
What historical period is Chorale?
The chorale originated when Martin Luther translated sacred songs into the vernacular language (German), contrary to the established practice of church music near the end of the first quarter of the 16th century. The first hymnals according to Luther’s new method were published in 1524.
Why is it called baroque?
The word “baroque” comes from the Portuguese word barroco meaning misshapen pearl, a negative description of the ornate and heavily ornamented music of this period. Later, the name came to apply also to the architecture of the same period.
Is an aria homophonic?
Aria – Homophonic compositions featuring a solo singer over orchestral accompaniment. homophonic compositions featuring a solo singer over accompaniment. Arias are very melodic primarily utilized in operas, cantatas, and oratorios.
What does Baroque mean?
Baroque came to English from a French word meaning “irregularly shaped.” At first, the word in French was used mostly to refer to pearls. Eventually, it came to describe an extravagant style of art characterized by curving lines, gilt, and gold.
What is a baroque aria?
Aria: A lyrical type of singing with a steady beat, accompanied by orchestra; a songful monologue or duet in an opera or other dramatic vocal work. In the Baroque era, the most common aria designs were the “binary aria” (A B), and the da capo aria.
What is a chorale?
1 : a hymn or psalm sung to a traditional or composed melody in church also : a harmonization of a chorale melody a Bach chorale. 2 : chorus, choir. Synonyms More Example Sentences Learn More about chorale.
What is cantata mean?
Cantata, (from Italian cantare, “to sing”), originally, a musical composition intended to be sung, as opposed to a sonata, a composition played instrumentally; now, loosely, any work for voices and instruments.
What is a Bach chorale?
Bach’s arrangements of hymn tunes found their way into cantatas, organ preludes, motets and other pieces. A chorale is usually a simple and catchy melody to which a hymn is sung by soprano singers with a congregation, while the three lower voices provide the harmony. …
What form does Bach use to set the chorale tune?
Johann Sebastian Bach harmonised hundreds of chorales, typically used at the end of his cantatas and concluding scenes in his Passions. In hisSt Matthew Passion, he set five stanzas of “O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden” in four different ways.
What is meant by the term Tutti quizlet?
tutti. the term for the full orchestra. ritornello form. the form (outline) which is always used in the first movement of a concerto grosso and a solo concerto.
What is a chorale prelude quizlet?
chorale prelude. short composition for organ, based on a hymn tune and often used to remind the congregation of the melody before the hymn is sung.