Primary sources. Martin Luther (1525). “Wider die Mordischen und Reubischen Rotten der Bawren” [Against the Murderous, Thieving Hordes of Peasants.] (in German).
Why did Luther denounce the Swabian peasants?
The Swabian peasants believed that their ideas were consistent with Lutheran beliefs so they sent a copy to Luther and solicited his response. Luther rejected the peasants’ advocacy of violence in Admonition to Peace, A Reply to the Twelve Articles of the Peasants in Swabia.
Why did Luther condemn the peasants when they rebelled against Catholic lords?
Peasants were condemned, saying their revolts were going against God. … Others supported the rebellion using God as their claim and saying that God wants them to fight.
Why did Luther not like peasants?
Luther and the Peasants: Reluctant Inspiration
A traditional understanding in this matter is that the Peasants’ Revolt stemmed from Martin Luther’s doctrine of spiritual freedom and the application of his ideas as religious justification for social and political upheaval.
Did Luther support peasants revolt?
As the uprising spread, some peasant groups organized armies. … Although the revolt was supported by Huldrych Zwingli and Thomas Müntzer, its condemnation by Martin Luther contributed to its defeat, principally by the army of the Swabian League.
What caused the German Peasants Revolt in 1524?
A rebellion that lasted from 1524 to 1525 in German-speaking domains of the Holy Roman Empire. The revolt originated in opposition to the heavy burdens of taxes and duties on the German serfs, who had no legal rights and no opportunity to improve their lot.
Who does Luther marry?
Katharina von Boram. 1525–1546
What did the peasants want to achieve?
A wide spectrum of rural society, including many local artisans and village officials, rose up in protest, burning court records and opening the local gaols. The rebels sought a reduction in taxation, an end to the system of unfree labour known as serfdom, and the removal of the King’s senior officials and law courts.
Which side did Martin Luther take in the Peasants War?
Key Figures. Martin Luther, whose ideas inspired some of the princes in German-speaking Europe to break with the Roman Catholic Church, opposed the peasant rebellion. He preached peaceful action by the peasants in his An Exhortation of Peace in Response to the Twelve Articles of the Swabian Peasants.
Who started the Peasants Revolt?
Peasants’ Revolt, also called Wat Tyler’s Rebellion, (1381), first great popular rebellion in English history. Its immediate cause was the imposition of the unpopular poll tax of 1381, which brought to a head the economic discontent that had been growing since the middle of the century.