In my opinion Frederick protected Luther was because he believed that the Holy Roman Empire had too much power and with the work Luther was doing. Frederick would have benefited a lot from the Protestant Reformation because he stood to gain more power with the breaking down of the Catholic church.
Why did Frederick the Wise protect Martin Luther?
He protected Luther from the Pope’s enforcement of the edict by faking a highway attack on Luther’s way back to Wittenberg, abducting and then hiding him at Wartburg Castle after the Diet of Worms.
How did Frederick of Saxony help Martin Luther?
In 1502 he founded the University of Wittenberg where Martin Luther taught. … At a crucial period for the early Reformation, Frederick protected Luther from the Pope and the emperor, and took him into custody at the Wartburg castle after the Diet of Worms (1521), which put Luther under the imperial ban.
When did Frederick the Wise protect Luther?
Frederick III, byname Frederick the Wise, German Friedrich der Weise, (born Jan. 17, 1463, Torgau, Saxony—died May 5, 1525, Lochau, near Torgau), elector of Saxony who worked for constitutional reform of the Holy Roman Empire and protected Martin Luther after Luther was placed under the imperial ban in 1521.
Who refused to surrender Luther Rome?
In June 1520 Pope Leo X condemned 41 of Luther’s Ninety-five Theses, but he also gave Luther time to recant. In response, Luther publicly burned the papal bull and refused to renounce his propositions. He was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church on January 3, 1521.
Who helped Martin Luther spread his ideas?
Luther also sent a copy to Archbishop Albert Albrecht of Mainz, calling on him to end the sale of indulgences. Aided by the printing press, copies of the 95 Theses spread throughout Germany within two weeks and throughout Europe within two months.
Why did Luther debate Eck?
Eck’s debating skills led to Luther’s open admissions of heresy to avoid being defeated. Luther declared that sola scriptura (scripture alone) was the basis of Christian belief and that the Pope had no power as he was not mentioned in the Bible.
Who were the original Protestants?
Martin Luther was a German monk, theologian, university professor, priest, father of Protestantism, and church reformer whose ideas started the Protestant Reformation.
Who was Charles the Fifth?
Charles V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria from 1519 to 1556, King of Spain (Castile and Aragon) from 1516 to 1556, and Lord of the Netherlands as titular Duke of Burgundy from 1506 to 1555.
How did the Roman Catholic Church react to Luther’s ideas?
How did the Catholic Church initially react to Luther’s 95 Theses? The Catholic Church responded by generating its own Reformation and Pope Pius IV appointed leaders to reform the church and he established the Jesuits (leader Ignatius of Loyola who founded the order of Jesuits a group of priests).
What was Luther’s famous speech at the Diet of Worms?
Amen. According to tradition, Luther is said to have declared “Here I stand, I can do no other,” before concluding with “God help me. Amen.” However, there is no indication in the transcripts of the Diet or in eyewitness accounts that he ever said this, and most scholars now doubt these words were spoken.
Why did Lutheranism spread so quickly?
3rd Paragraph: Lutheranism spread so quickly due to the political, economic, and social conditions that affected Europe at the time. … The princes converted to Lutheranism for various reasons, including economic reasons, such as princes not having to pay a Catholic tax and keeping more money in their territory.
Is Luther still excommunicated?
Luther died in 1546 with Pope Leo X’s excommunication still in effect.
Was Martin Luther a heretic?
In January 1521, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther. Three months later, Luther was called to defend his beliefs before Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms, where he was famously defiant. For his refusal to recant his writings, the emperor declared him an outlaw and a heretic.
Why was Luther called to Worms?
He had been called to Worms, Germany, to appear before the Diet (assembly) of the Holy Roman Empire and answer charges of heresy. … Refusing to recant or rescind his positions, Luther was declared an outlaw and a heretic.