Christian fundamentalism, movement in American Protestantism that arose in the late 19th century in reaction to theological modernism, which aimed to revise traditional Christian beliefs to accommodate new developments in the natural and social sciences, especially the theory of biological evolution.
What caused Protestant fundamentalism?
Fundamentalism, in the narrowest meaning of the term, was a movement that began in the late 19th- and early 20th-century within American Protestant circles to defend the “fundamentals of belief” against the corrosive effects of liberalism that had grown within the ranks of Protestantism itself.
What is the meaning of fundamentalists?
noun. an adherent of fundamentalism, a religious movement characterized by a strict belief in the literal interpretation of religious texts: radical fundamentalists.
What are the beliefs of the fundamentalism?
Religious fundamentalists believe in the superiority of their religious teachings, and in a strict division between righteous people and evildoers (Altemeyer and Hunsberger, 1992, 2004). This belief system regulates religious thoughts, but also all conceptions regarding the self, others, and the world.
What is an example of fundamentalism?
Fundamentalism is defined as strict adherence to some belief or ideology, especially in a religious context, or a form of Christianity where the Bible is taken literally and obeyed in full. When a person follows every possible rule of the Bible, both literal and implied, this is an example of fundamentalism.
Do fundamentalists take the Bible literally?
Fundamentalist Christians regard the words of the Bible as being the true voice of God. For example, when reading the creation story in Genesis , fundamentalists would believe that the world was literally created in seven days.
What churches are fundamentalist?
Pages in category “Fundamentalist denominations”
- All-Ukrainian Union of Churches of Evangelical Christian Baptists.
- American Baptist Association.
- American Presbyterian Church (founded 1979)
- Apostolic Christian Church of America.
- Apostolic Faith Church.
- Association of Fundamental Baptist Churches in the Philippines.
What is fundamentalism in your own words?
1a often capitalized : a movement in 20th century Protestantism emphasizing the literally interpreted Bible as fundamental to Christian life and teaching. b : the beliefs of this movement. c : adherence to such beliefs a minister noted for his strict fundamentalism.
What is the difference between fundamentalism and evangelicalism?
Fundamentalists are a subset of that. They are very conservative politically. Have a literalist view of the Bible. Evangelicals have a much wider range of political views.
What is a fundamentalist Catholic?
In fundamentalism: Christian fundamentalism in the United States. The term Catholic fundamentalism is sometimes used to describe conservative Catholicism, but most scholars would reject this term because Christian fundamentalism traditionally involved strict conformity to the “inerrant text” of the Bible.
Is religious fundamentalism good?
However, there is significant research that indicates that religious fundamentalism is linked to both increased spiritual well-being and decreased spiritual anxiety.
What religions are fundamentalist?
- Christian fundamentalism.
- Religious movement.
- Islamic fundamentalism.
- Hindu fundamentalism.
- Sikh fundamentalism.
- Jewish fundamentalism.
What are the effects of fundamentalism?
The present research indicates that individual differences in religious fundamentalism interact with mortality salience to influence religious apocalyptic beliefs. For people higher in religious fundamentalism, mortality salience increased apocalyptic beliefs.
What does fundamentalist approach mean?
Fundamentalists argued that 19th-century modernist theologians had misinterpreted or rejected certain doctrines, especially biblical inerrancy, which they considered the fundamentals of the Christian faith. Fundamentalists are almost always described as having a literal interpretation of the Bible.
Who started fundamentalism?
Though several names are associated with its evolution, there is no single founder of Fundamentalism. American Evangelist Dwight L. Moody (1837–99) and Brit- ish preacher and father of dispensationalism11 John Nelson Darby (1800–1882). Also associated with the early beginnings of Fundamentalism were Cyrus I.
Is religious fundamentalism on the rise?
Religious fundamentalism has risen to worldwide prominence since the 1970s. … Surveying work over the past two decades, we find both substantial progress in sociological research on such movements and major holes in conceptualizing and understanding religious fundamentalism.